Health Education

Often health is considered as absence of certain disease conditions and not a condition itself.Subject of “Health Education and Promotion “will try to change our mind set from curative to preventive and promotional aspect of health.Often health is considered as absence of certain disease conditions and not a condition itself.Subject of “Health Education and Promotion “will try to change our mind set from curative to preventive and promotional aspect of health.

WHO Definition

Health is a state of complete  physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.


Teaching is an academic process by which students are motivated to learn in ways that make a positive influence on how they think, act, and feel.                                              



Teaching is an interaction between teacher and  student under the teacher responsibility in order to bring about expected changes in the students behavior.




1. The act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.


2. Knowledge or skill gained through schooling or study.


3.Behavioural modification especially through experience or conditioning. 


What is Health Education

Health Education is a process that informs, motivates, and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional training and research to the same end.


“Health education is the process by which individuals and group of people learn to “:



Restore health.


“Education for health begins with people as they are, with whatever interests they may have in improving their living conditions”.

Goals of Health Education

Informing People

Motivating People

Guiding into Action

To restore, maintain and promote health

Process of health education:

Dissemination of scientific knowledge

(about how to promote and maintain health),

leads to changes in KAP related to such changes.

Purpose of health education

Purpose of  health education is to

Teach the clients to build up a correct awareness on health.

Change the client, ill (unhealthy) life habits.

Reduce or eliminate health risk factors.

Prevent illness, promote health and enhance the health level of whole community.

Nurture well (healthy behavior and life style).

Principal of teaching and learning

The Principles of learning and teaching  and related components state that students learn best when:

The learning environment is supportive and productive

The learning environment promotes independence, interdependence and self-motivation

Students’ needs, backgrounds, perspectives and interests are reflected in the learning program



Students are challenged and supported to develop deep levels of thinking and application.

Assessment practices are an integral part of teaching and learning.

Learning connects strongly with communities and practice beyond the classroom.

These principles can be used by schools, teams of teachers and individuals to reflect on practice and support professional dialogue to strengthen teaching practices.


Other Principles of Health education include



Proceed from known to unknown.


Reinforcement by repetition.


Learning by doing

Good human relations



A planned approach to health Education

Strategies for health education Practice (culture specfic)


Face to face

Education through spoken word.



Health visitors

Social workers


Lessons and lectures in schools.

lectures in work places e.g. factories.

Demonstration and training

Role playing


3- Mass media.

Broadcasting: radio & TV.

Written word: newspapers, posters, booklets.

Others e,g, mosques

Contents of Health Education

Human Biology








Family Health Care


Control of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases


Mental Health


Prevention of Accidents


Use of Health Services



Sex education


Special education for groups( f00d handlers, occupations, mothers, school health  etc. )


Principles of healthy life style e.g. sleep, exercise




Health education occurs in a variety of places, these include:



Health care organizations

Health departments

Voluntary health agencies

Community settings

Comparison of Settings

Evaluation of health education programs:

There should be continuous evaluation.

Evaluation should not be left to the end but monitoring should be done from time to time for purpose of making modifications to achieve better results.




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