Often health is considered as absence of certain disease conditions and not a condition itself.Subject of “Health Education and Promotion “will try to change our mind set from curative to preventive and promotional aspect of health.Often health is considered as absence of certain disease conditions and not a condition itself.Subject of “Health Education and Promotion “will try to change our mind set from curative to preventive and promotional aspect of health.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Teaching is an academic process by which students are motivated to learn in ways that make a positive influence on how they think, act, and feel.
Teaching is an interaction between teacher and student under the teacher responsibility in order to bring about expected changes in the students behavior.
1. The act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.
2. Knowledge or skill gained through schooling or study.
3.Behavioural modification especially through experience or conditioning.
What is Health Education
Health Education is a process that informs, motivates, and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional training and research to the same end.
“Health education is the process by which individuals and group of people learn to “:
“Education for health begins with people as they are, with whatever interests they may have in improving their living conditions”.
Goals of Health Education
Guiding into Action
To restore, maintain and promote health
Process of health education:
Dissemination of scientific knowledge
(about how to promote and maintain health),
leads to changes in KAP related to such changes.
Purpose of health education
Purpose of health education is to
Teach the clients to build up a correct awareness on health.
Change the client, ill (unhealthy) life habits.
Reduce or eliminate health risk factors.
Prevent illness, promote health and enhance the health level of whole community.
Nurture well (healthy behavior and life style).
Principal of teaching and learning
The Principles of learning and teaching and related components state that students learn best when:
The learning environment is supportive and productive
The learning environment promotes independence, interdependence and self-motivation
Students’ needs, backgrounds, perspectives and interests are reflected in the learning program
Students are challenged and supported to develop deep levels of thinking and application.
Assessment practices are an integral part of teaching and learning.
Learning connects strongly with communities and practice beyond the classroom.
These principles can be used by schools, teams of teachers and individuals to reflect on practice and support professional dialogue to strengthen teaching practices.
Other Principles of Health education include
Proceed from known to unknown.
Reinforcement by repetition.
Learning by doing
Good human relations
A planned approach to health Education
Strategies for health education Practice (culture specfic)
Face to face
Education through spoken word.
Lessons and lectures in schools.
lectures in work places e.g. factories.
Demonstration and training
3- Mass media.
Broadcasting: radio & TV.
Written word: newspapers, posters, booklets.
Others e,g, mosques
Contents of Health Education
Family Health Care
Control of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases
Prevention of Accidents
Use of Health Services
Special education for groups( f00d handlers, occupations, mothers, school health etc. )
Principles of healthy life style e.g. sleep, exercise
Health education occurs in a variety of places, these include:
Health care organizations
Voluntary health agencies
Comparison of Settings
Evaluation of health education programs:
There should be continuous evaluation.
Evaluation should not be left to the end but monitoring should be done from time to time for purpose of making modifications to achieve better results.
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