Syed AhmedBarailvi was born on November 29, 1786 in a respectable family of RaiBaraily.

RaiBaraili is situated in Indianstate of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarter of Raebareli District. The town is situated at the bank of the Sai River, 70 km southeast of Lucknow.

He was greatly impressed by the preaching and doctrine of HazratShah WaliUllah.

Syed Ahmed began his career as s Sawar in the service of Nawab Amir Khan, the ruler of Tonk.

Nawab Muhammad Amir Khan (1768–1834) was a leader, of Pashtun origin belonging to its Salarzai branch and the first ruler of the princely state of Tonk (in the present day Rajasthan state of India).

Syed Ahmed left the service when Amir Khan refused to fight after Tonk fell to the British.

In 1807 he took the oath of loyalty (baia) at the hands of Shah Abdul Aziz son of Hazrat Shah Waliullah.

In 1818, Syed Ahmed wrote a renowned book Sirat-e-Mustaqim.

This book is an excellent summary of the philosophies, doctrines and reforms of HazratShah WaliUllah.

Syed Ahmed switched over to the public preaching.

He proved a great success, as a preacher, in spite of the lesser expression inhis sermons.



Syed Ahmed was extremely disappointed to see the decline of the Muslims in their religious and ideological commitments.

He sincerely desired to see the restoration of the supremacy of Islam in India.

The main objective before Syed Ahmed was the establishment of a state which was based on Islamic principles.

Syed Ahmad Shaheed picked up the course of strong two-pronged struggle aimed at the purification of the Muslim society and the destruction of the British power.

The Muslims heavily suffered under his cruel rule and were denied liberty and freedom to perform and practice their religion.

Syed Ahmed’s approach to freedom was based on the armed struggle and confrontation against the foreign and non-Muslim forces.

He did notconfine himself to Delhi but also visited the neighboring places.

Syed Ahmed decided to launch his Jehad movement against the Sikh regime onhis return from Hajj.


Syed Ahmed believed that if Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the then N.W.F.P were liberated of the Sikh domination, the Muslims would regain their old position.

Syed Ahmed invited the people to join him in Jehad against the un-Islamic regime to save the Muslims of the sikh domination.

Syed Sahib reached Nowshera in December, 1826 and established his headquarter.

Syed Ahmed began his jehad against the Sikhs by challenging the Sikh army at Akora on 21st December 1826.

The fight at Akora wasSuccessful mission and heavy loss was inflicted on the Sikhs.

The Mujahideen fought second battle at Hazro which too was a great success.

The astonishing success of the mujahedeen gave immense popularity to the Jehad movement.

Many Pathan chiefs joined Syed Sahib and took an oath of loyalty at the hands of Syed Ahmed.

Syed Ahmed occupied Peshawar in 1830.


After occupying Peshawar Syed Ahmed paid his attention towards introducingof Shariat.

Syed Ahmed was declared as a Caliph whose orders were binding on all subjects.

He also introduced social reforms and asked the local people to abandon their old customs and life patterns.

In November, 1831, Syed Ahmed withdrew from Peshawar in favour of Sultan Muhammad Khan who promised to pay a fixed amount to the Mujahedeen as tribute.

After relinquishing Peshawar, Syed Ahmed shifted to Balakot and began his movement from Rajauri in 1831.

A fierce battle was fought between the Sikhs and the Muslims.

The Muslims were defeated in the battle in which Syed Ahmed Shaheed, Shah Ismail Shaheed and many other followers of Syed Sahib laid their lives and died as martyrs.

With the death of Syed Ahmed the Jehad movement fell into disorder and could not be carried out with the old enthusiasm.

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