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Feedback mechanisms

Feedback mechanisms Receptor Control center Effector Anatomy Nurse Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

Feedback mechanisms Our body regulates the internal system through a multitude of feedback systems. There are three basic parts to the feedback  system; a receptor, a control centre and an effector. The effector can be a muscle, organs or other ...
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Homeostasis

Homeostasis Body PH Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

Homeostasis is the ability of the body or a cell to seek and maintain a condition of equilibrium within its internal environment when dealing with external changes. It is a state of equilibrium for the body. Homeostasis allows the organs of the bo...
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Protein Synthesis in Human

Protein Protein Synthesis Transcription Translation DNA RNA Genetics Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

Protein synthesis All the genetic information for manufacturing proteins is found in DNA. However, in order to manufacture these proteins, the genetic information encoded in the DNA has to be translated. 
In order for this to happen, first...
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RNA,Nucleotide,Base,Chromosome

RNA Nucleotide Base Chromosome Nurses Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

RNA is different from DNA. In humans, RNA is single-stranded, the sugar is the pentose sugar and contains the pyrimidine base uracil (U) instead of thymine. Cells have three different RNAs; messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and transfer ...
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Genetic And DNA

Genetic Genes DNA RNA Anatomy Physiology Nursing Anatomy

Genetics is one of the best subject and there are alot diseases related to genes. Genes correspond to regions within DNA, a molecule composed of a chain of four types of nucleotides – the sequence of these nucleotides is the genetic information...
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Gastrointestinal TERMINOLOGY Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy Physiology Anatomy for Nurses Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Nursing Anatomy and physiology Fundamental of anatomy and physiology Medical anatomy

Following are the antomimical terms mostly used in the Anatomy and Physiology of Medical Books and they should be remembered if someone to give it the real meaning and want to study hard.Medical profession is related to terminologies and there are...
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Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology

Nervous system Brain Spinal Cord Nerves Brain parts Anatomy and Physiology

Brain

Nervous System

Definition: The network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.

With a mass of only 2 kg, the nervous system is one of the smallest and yet the most comp...
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Special Senses

Receptor Chemoreceptor Thermoreceptor Hearing Eyes Senses Special Senses Anatomy and physiology

Classification of Receptors

Chemoreceptors: respond to chemicals including odor, taste, and body fluid composition.

Thermorecptors: respond to heat and cold.

Nociceptors: are pain receptors which respond to tissue dam...
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Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

Urinary Nephrology Urology Kidney Urinary system Anatomy Nursing anatomy

Definitions

Urinary System: The system which is specialized to filter the blood plasma, excrete waste products , and regulate the body’s water, acid-base, and electrolyte balance.

Nephrology: The scientific study of the anato...
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Respiratory System Anatomy and Physiology

Respiratory system respiration Vent Breathing Bronchi Anatomy and physiology Anatomy Physiology Nursing Anatomy

Respiratory System

Definition: A system consisting of lungs and air passages specialized for the intake of oxygen and exchange of gases with the blood. 

Respiration: The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the atmosp...
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Endocrine System all Hormones

Endocrine system Endocrine glands Hypothalamus Anterior pituitary Posterior Pituitary Nursing anatomy Nurses anatomy Nursing Physiology

 

The Endocrine System

Definitions

Endocrine system: the system of glands that produce cellular secretions which help to control bodily metabolic activity.

Endocrine gland:...
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Anatomy & physiology of endocrine system

Gland Hormones Pituitary gland Growth Hormones Nurses anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nursing Anatomy and physiology

Hypothalamus, a small region of the brain below the thalamus, is the major link between the nervous system and endocrine system. The hypothalamus is an important regulatory center in the nervous system as well as a crucial endocrine gland. Cells i...
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What is cell cycle?

Cell cycle Mitosis Meiosis Cell Cell division Cell phases Anatomy physiology

cell cycle is the ordered sequence of events that occur in a cell in preparation for cell division. The cell cycle is a four-stage process in which:

 the cell increases in size (gap 1, or G1, stage)

 copies its DNA (synthesis...
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The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

Pelvic Girdle Lower Limb Limbs Lower Limb Legs Bone Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy

The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

Skeleton of the Lower Limb

Skeleton of the Lower Limb

Two separate regions

1. A single pelvic girdle (2 bones)

2. The free part (30 bones)

...
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Transport of substances across cell membrane

Passive transport Active transport Transport cell membrane Diffusion Osmosis Anatomy and physiology Nursing anatomy

Membrane transport refers to the collection of mechanisms that regulate the passage of solutes such as ions and small molecules through cell membranes.The regulation of passage through the membrane is due to selective membrane permeability.  

...
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Loose connective tissue Anatomy and Physiology

Loose connective tissue connective tissue Areolar connective tissue reticular adipose Anatomy Anatomy and physiology

Loose connective tissue

Loose connective tissue is divided into:

 1) areolar 2) adipose, 3) reticular.

1) Areolar connective tissue:

     Loose connective tissue that consists of meshwork of collagen, e...
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Lymphatic System

Lymphatic System Lymph Lymph nodes Nodes Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

An organ system consisting of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph nodules, tonsils, spleen, thymus and functions that include the recovery of tissue fluid and immunity.An organ system consisting of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph nodules, ...
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Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular system heart CVS Cardiac system Veins Artery Nursing anatomy Nursing anatomy and physiology

The circulatory system is a network consisting of blood, blood vessels, and the heart. This network supplies tissues in the body with oxygen and other nutrients, transports hormones, and removes unnecessary waste products.The circu...
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Integumentary System

Integumentary System Skin Nail Hair Glands Dermatology Nursing anatomy Nursing physiology Nursing anatomy and physiology

Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands).Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands).Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands...
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Muscular System

Muscular system Muscle Myology Anatomy Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

Introduction to muscles The muscular system consists of about 600 skeletal muscles excluding cardiac and smooth muscles.Myology is the study of muscles.A skeletal muscle is composed of both muscular tissue and connective tissue.Introduction to mus...
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The Joints

Joint Types of Joint Joint types Joint anatomy Joint Physiology Nursing Anatomy Nursing physiology

Joint is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth. Joint is also known as articulation or arthrosis.is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth. ...
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Skeletal System,Bone and Structure of Bone

Tissue Bone Structure of bone Nurses Anatomy Anatomy Bone and Types of Bone Type of Bones Nursing anatomy

??The long bones in the body are as follows: Legs: The femur, tibia, and fibula. Arms: The humerus, radius, and ulna. The clavicles or collar bones.The long bones in the body are as follows: Legs: The femur, tibia, and fibula. Arms: The humer...
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Tissues and Type of Tissues

Tissue Type of Tissue Tissue types EPITHELIUM CONNECTIVE TISSUE Blood Nursing Anatomy Nurses anatomy Nurse

Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure and function. There are four main tissues in the body – epithelium, muscle, connective, and nervous tissue.Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure and function.There are four main t...
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Homeostasis and Adaptations

Homeostasis Adaptations Homeostasis and adaptations Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy

The relative consistency of the internal environment is tried to be maintained despite changes in the external environment.All organs and systems of the body participate in maintaining homeostasis. For instance, the lungs provide O2 to replenish i...
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MEMBRANES

Membranes Membrane Epithelial Membranes Serous Membrane Mucous Membrane Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nurse

Membranes are sheets of tissue that cover (on the outside) or line (on the inside) surfaces and organs. There are two major categories of membranes as Epithelial  Membranes and Connective Membranes. Their function is secretion and protection. Mem...
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Connective Tissues

Connective Tissue Blood Areolar (loose) Adipose Fibrous Elastic Bone Cartilage Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Anatomy Anatomy and physiology

It’s name suggests to connect body parts. It is the most abundant and found everywhere in the body. Its distinctive characteristic is that it produces and secretes matrix to their exterior called extracellular matrix. This matrix may be liquid (...
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Muscular Tissue and Types of Muscular Tissue

Tissue Muscular Tissue Cardiac Tissue Skeletal Muscles Nurses Anatomy Nursing anatomy

generates heat and physical force to produce movements. It maintains posture and provides protection. A muscle tissue consists of elongated cells called muscle fibers that use ATP to generate force. It is classified into three types: skeletal, car...
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Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues

Tissue Simple Squamous Stratified squamous Transitional Cuboidal Tissues Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy Nurse

Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,...
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Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage,Fibro Cartilage and Elastic Cartilage

Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage Fibrocartilage Elastic Cartilage Anatomy anatomy and Physiology Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

It is less hard and more flexible than bone. It is composed of chindrocytes (Cartilage Cells). It is found in only a few places in the body. There are three types of cartilages.It is less hard and more flexible than bone. It is composed of chindro...
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Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants

Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants Abdominopelvic Abdominopelvic Regions 9 body regions Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

To describe the location of abdominal and pelvic organs easily, the abdomenopelvic region is divided into two ways—1) Either into Nine regions or 2) Four quadrants.The nine regions are made by drawing two transverse and two vertical lines.The to...
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PLANES AND SECTIONS

Plane Planes and Sections Sections Anatomical Plane Body planes Body Sections Nurse Nursing Anatomy Nursing physiology

To describe internal anatomy, the body or an organ is often cut or sectioned in a specific way to make it easily visible. So, a plane is an imaginary line that separates two portions of the body or an organ. The types of sections ...
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BODY CAVITIES,Cranial Cavity,Thoracic Cavity,Abdominal Cavity,Pelvic Cavity

BODY CAVITIES Cranial Cavity Thoracic Cavity Abdominal Cavity Pelvic Cavity Nurse Nursing Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Nursing Anatomy and Physiology

The organs that make up the systems of the body are contained in four major cavities (Other minor cavities having no organs are also present in the body). The four major cavities are as follows:The organs that make up the systems of the body are c...
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Solution,hypotonic solution, isotonic solution, and hypertonic solution

Solution hypotonic solution isotonic solution and hypertonic solution Nurse Nursing Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

When a solute is dissolved in a solvent it forms a solution. Eg. Sugar dissolved in water.Strength of a solution: The amount of solute particles dissolved per unit volume of a solution is called s...
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Anatomy and Physiology Terminology

Anatomy Physiology Terminology of Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy

This is the study of function of organ or body or cell.The study of structure (shape,size, location) of an organ or a cell is called anatomy.The study of abnormalities or disease is called pathology.The study of causes of disease is known as etio...
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Anatomy and Physiology Basics

Cell Anatomy Physiology Pathology Etiology Diffusion Nursing Anatomy Nurse Nurses Anatomy

This is the study of function of organ or body or cell.The study of structure (shape,size, location) of an organ or a cell is called anatomy.The study of abnormalities or disease is called pathology.The study of causes of disease is known as etiol...
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Amino Acid and Structure of Amino Acid

Amino Acid Amine Protein 20 amino acids human body anatomy and physiology

Amino Acids are Building blocks of proteins.Are more then 300 in number.20 amino acids synthesis proteins in human body and are called ?-amino acids, because both amino and carboxyl groups are attached to ?-carbon atom.In solution both amino and c...
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Anatomy and Physiology Terminology

Anatomy Physiology Terms Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Medical Anatomy NCLEX HAAD

Collagen is a type of protein fiber found abundantly throughout our body. It provides strength and cushioning to many different areas of the body, including the skin. More specifically, collagen >>>Continue Reading...

Uterus and Layers of the Uterus Anatomy and Physiology of Female Reproductive System

uterus Anatomy and Physiology HAAD NCLEX FCPS MD MOH DHA Nurse Doctor

The uterus is a hollow, pear shaped muscular organ.The uterus measures about 7.5 X 5 X 2.5 cm and weight about 50 – 60 gm.Its normal position is anteverted  (rotated forward and slightly antiflexed (flexed forward),The uterus divided into three...
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Ovaries

Anatomy Physiology NCLEX HAAD Nurse anatomy DHA MOH Ovaries

Oval solid structure, 1.5 cm in thickness, 2.5 cm in width and 3.5 cm in length respectively. Each weights about 4–8 gm,Ovary is located on each side of the uterus, below and behind the uterine tubes.Ovary anatomy is very important because femal...
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Internal Female Reproductive System Anatomy and Phyisology

Anatomy Phyiology HAAD NCLEX DHA MOH Doctor Reproductive System

The two tubes extended from the cornu of the uterus to the ovary.It runs in the upper free border of the broad ligament.Length 8 to 14 cm average 10 cm.Its divided into 4 parts. They are called Folapian Tube.Internal Female Structures includes Va...
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External Female Reproductive System Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy Physiology Female Reproductive sytem Nurse NCLEX HAAD DHA Doctor GNM MOH OET

Collectively, the external female reproductive organs are called the Vulva.The ovaries produce oocytes and hormones including female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone).The uterine tubes transport oocytes to the uterus.The uterus is the site...
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