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Neurotransmitters and Functions of Different Hormones

NEUROTRANSMITTER Synapses Acetylcholine dopamine epinephrine nor epinephrine Serotonin histamine Aspartate glutamate glycine GABA Nurse Nursing Nursing Psychiatery

NEUROTRANSMITTER is a Chemical substances that mediate signaling from neuron     to another neuron or a muscle or gland cells through     chemical synapses

SYNAPSES

Junctions where neurons pass signals to a postsynaptic...
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INTELLIGENCE And Types of INTELLIGENCE Tests

INTELLIGENCE INTELLIGENCE TESTS  BINET-SIMON SCALE Alfred Binet Louis Terman PERFORMANCE TEST  CULTURE-FAIR TEST Psychological Test Nursing Psychology

INTELLIGENCE Human intelligence is a mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn from experience, adapt to new situations and use knowledge to manipulate one’s environment. (written by : psychologist Robert Sternberg)

TYPES...
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LEARNING THEORIES

Learning LEARNING THEORIES What is Learning Fleming's VARK Model VARK Model Memory Psychology Developmental Psychology Brain Thinking Nursing Psychology

DEFINITION: Learning is…

A change in behavior as a result of experience or practice.

The acquisition of knowledge.

Knowledge gained through study.

To gain knowledge of, or skill in, something through study...
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Emotions Psychology

Emotions Emotions Psycho Emotions psychology Arousal Developmental Psychology Nurse Nursing Emotion Emotion and Nursing

A strong feeling deriving from one's circumstances, mood, or relationships with others.

Emotion
Three Components of Emotion

Arousal and Emotion
Arousal is the physiological and psychological state of being  awoke...
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Referencing APA and Vancouver Style For Research

APA Vancouver Style Referencing References Reference for research Research References Nursing English

Recent research (1) indicates that the number of duplicate papers being published is increasing. Or Recent research1 indicates that the number of duplicate papers being published is increasing.

Citing more than one piece of work at the ...
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Feedback mechanisms

Feedback mechanisms Receptor Control center Effector Anatomy Nurse Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

Feedback mechanisms Our body regulates the internal system through a multitude of feedback systems. There are three basic parts to the feedback  system; a receptor, a control centre and an effector. The effector can be a muscle, organs or other ...
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Homeostasis

Homeostasis Body PH Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

Homeostasis is the ability of the body or a cell to seek and maintain a condition of equilibrium within its internal environment when dealing with external changes. It is a state of equilibrium for the body. Homeostasis allows the organs of the bo...
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Protein Synthesis in Human

Protein Protein Synthesis Transcription Translation DNA RNA Genetics Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

Protein synthesis All the genetic information for manufacturing proteins is found in DNA. However, in order to manufacture these proteins, the genetic information encoded in the DNA has to be translated. 
In order for this to happen, first...
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RNA,Nucleotide,Base,Chromosome

RNA Nucleotide Base Chromosome Nurses Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology

RNA is different from DNA. In humans, RNA is single-stranded, the sugar is the pentose sugar and contains the pyrimidine base uracil (U) instead of thymine. Cells have three different RNAs; messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and transfer ...
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Genetic And DNA

Genetic Genes DNA RNA Anatomy Physiology Nursing Anatomy

Genetics is one of the best subject and there are alot diseases related to genes. Genes correspond to regions within DNA, a molecule composed of a chain of four types of nucleotides – the sequence of these nucleotides is the genetic information...
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Round Table Conferences

Round Table Round Table Conferences Pak India Pak Ind Pakistan Study Pak Study Nursing Pak study

The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–32 were a series of conferences organized by the British Government to discuss constitutional reforms in India. They were conducted as per the recommendation by the report submitted by the Simon Commissi...
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FARAIZI MOVEMENT

Muslim Sufis mystics FARAIZI MOVEMENT Pak Study Nursing Pak Study Pakistan Study

The Muslim Sufis and mystics spread the light of Islam in Bengal in the 13th and 14th centuries.There was wide-scale ignorance prevalent among the Muslim masses about ISLAM resulting in the emergence of Hindu beliefs and practises in the society.T...
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TEHREEK-E-MUJAHIDEEN SYED AHMED SHAHEED BARAILVI

Nurse Nursing Nursing Pak study Nurse Pak study Nurse in Pakistan

Syed AhmedBarailvi was born on November 29, 1786 in a respectable family of RaiBaraily.

RaiBaraili is situated in Indian>>>Continue Reading...

Ventilation & housing Community health nursing

Ventilation housing Ventilation & housing health nursing nursing Community health Nurse Types of Vent

Ventilation is defined as the "Science of maintaining atmospheric conditions which are comfortable and suitable to the human body.Ventilation is the process of "changing" or replacing air in any space to provide high indoor air qu...
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Food sanitation Community Health Nursing

Community Health Community Health Nursing Food sanitation Clean Food Disease and Food Community Health Health Community Health Nurse Community Health Nursing

Food sanitation is a series of rules which are designed to prevent the contamination of food, keeping it safe to eat.The practice of food sanitation is especially important to people in the food industry, at every step of the supply chain from wor...
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ENVIRONMENT Community Health Nursing

ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT Community ENVIRONMENT Community Health Community Health and Environment Nurse Nursing

ENVIRONMENT

“The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.”

                              

OR

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

    Environmental ...
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Introduction to Home Visiting

Home Visiting Introduction to Home Visiting Home Visits Survey Walking Survey Windshield Survey Community Health Community Health Nursing Nursing Nurse

A home visit is a purposeful interaction in a home (or residence) directed at promoting and maintaining the health of individuals and the family (or significant others).A major distinction of a home visit is that a health professional goe...
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Health Education

Health Education Health Promotion How to prevent illness Health Maintenance Health Community Health Community Health Nursing

Often health is considered as absence of certain disease conditions and not a condition itself.Subject of “Health Education and Promotion “will try to change our mind set from curative to preventive and promotional aspect of health.Often healt...
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Health Care System in Pakistan

Health Care System Health Care System in Pakistan Community Waste Management Community Waste Community Health Community Health Nursing

Definition of Solid waste, Refuse and SewageRefuse: Garbage heap (All refuse other than industrial-waste and effluents e.g. animals, vegetables and food wastes)Solid waste: Garbage from residential, commercial, institutional and industrial sources...
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International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata September 1978

Alma Ata Community Health Nurse Community Health Nursing Community Nurse Nurse Nursing Primary Health Primary Health care level

The International Conference on Primary Health Care, meeting in Alma-Ata this twelfth day of September in the year Nineteen hundred and seventy-eight, expressing the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, an...
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DEVOLUTION PLAN AND HEALTH CARE IN PAKISTAN

DEVOLUTION DEVOLUTION PLAN HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE IN PAKISTAN DEVOLUTION PLAN IN PAKISTAN Community Health Community Health Nurse Community Heath Nursing

Health is a basic human right and must be available and accessible in an affordable framework to all. To this end, an integrated approach to public health in the district will combine preventive, promotive and curative health at all levels. Reduct...
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Principles of primary health care

Principles primary health care primary health care level primary health care Principles health care Community health Community health Nursing Community Health Nurse

INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH CARE .Health -  fundamental human right Integrated care comprising preventive, promotive, curative & rehabilitation services Extending from “womb to tomb” Key to socio economic development and progress of the country.Or...
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Primary Health Care Level of Health Care Level

Primary Health Primary Health Care Primary Health Care Level Health Care System Health Care Level Nursing Nurse Community Health Nursing Community Health Nurse

Levels of Care

Primary health care

Secondary health care

Tertiary health care

Primary health care

The “first” level of contact between the individual and the health system.

Essential ...
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Introduction To Community Health Nursing

Community Health Nursing Community Health Introduction To Community Health Introduction To Community Health Nursing Nursing Nurse Nurse Education

According WHO Expert committee,” A community is a social group determined by geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. The members know and interact with each other. It function within a particular social structure and exhibits a...
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Gastrointestinal TERMINOLOGY Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy Physiology Anatomy for Nurses Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Nursing Anatomy and physiology Fundamental of anatomy and physiology Medical anatomy

Following are the antomimical terms mostly used in the Anatomy and Physiology of Medical Books and they should be remembered if someone to give it the real meaning and want to study hard.Medical profession is related to terminologies and there are...
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Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

Urinary Nephrology Urology Kidney Urinary system Anatomy Nursing anatomy

Definitions

Urinary System: The system which is specialized to filter the blood plasma, excrete waste products , and regulate the body’s water, acid-base, and electrolyte balance.

Nephrology: The scientific study of the anato...
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Respiratory System Anatomy and Physiology

Respiratory system respiration Vent Breathing Bronchi Anatomy and physiology Anatomy Physiology Nursing Anatomy

Respiratory System

Definition: A system consisting of lungs and air passages specialized for the intake of oxygen and exchange of gases with the blood. 

Respiration: The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the atmosp...
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VALUE OF BREAST FEEDING

Breastfeeding Value of feeding Feeding benefits importance of feeding feeding importance why breastfeeding Milk mother milk mother milk for baby Applied Nutrition Nursing Applied Nutrition Keto Diet Ket Diet Plan

Breast milk contains all necessary nutrients in the optimum ratio and a kind adapted for features of digestive system of the newborn.If the breastfeeding technique is satisfactory, exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life meets the e...
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EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING

Breastfeeding Breast feed Feed Feeding How to feed exclusive feed Exclusive feeding applied nutrition Nursing nutrition Keto nutrition Ketogenic diet

Exclusive breastfeeding means that “an infant receives only breast milk from his or her mother or a wet nurse, or expressed breast milk, and no other liquids or solids, not even water, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, drops or sy...
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Introduction to Keto Diet

Keto Diet Ketogenic Diet Low diet Low fat diet Balance Diet Perfect diet lifecycle diet Nutrition Applied Nutrition Applied Nutrition for Nurses Nursing Nutrition

Human bodies change significantly over time, and food is the fuel for those changes. People of all ages need the same basic nutrients—essential amino acids, carbohydrates, essential fatty acids, and twenty-eight vitamins and minerals—to susta...
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Endocrine System all Hormones

Endocrine system Endocrine glands Hypothalamus Anterior pituitary Posterior Pituitary Nursing anatomy Nurses anatomy Nursing Physiology

 

The Endocrine System

Definitions

Endocrine system: the system of glands that produce cellular secretions which help to control bodily metabolic activity.

Endocrine gland:...
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Anatomy & physiology of endocrine system

Gland Hormones Pituitary gland Growth Hormones Nurses anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nursing Anatomy and physiology

Hypothalamus, a small region of the brain below the thalamus, is the major link between the nervous system and endocrine system. The hypothalamus is an important regulatory center in the nervous system as well as a crucial endocrine gland. Cells i...
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Nursing Process Nursing Fundamentals

Nurse Nursing Process Assessment planning Diagnosis Implementation Evaluation Nursing Diagnosis

Nursing process is a systematic method of providing care to clients Allows nurses to communicate plans and activities to Clients Other health care professionals Families Encourages orderly thought, analysis, planning .

Overview of the Nu...
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Transport of substances across cell membrane

Passive transport Active transport Transport cell membrane Diffusion Osmosis Anatomy and physiology Nursing anatomy

Membrane transport refers to the collection of mechanisms that regulate the passage of solutes such as ions and small molecules through cell membranes.The regulation of passage through the membrane is due to selective membrane permeability.  

...
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Viral Diseases,Mumps, Measles, Influenza, Polio

Viral Diseases Mumps Measles Influenza Polio Microbiology Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

MUMPS

Definition

An acute viral infection primarily of salivary glands characterized by fever and swelling of usually parotid glands.

S/S: Malaise, anorexia, fever, sore throat, parotid gland swelling, tenderness at a...
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Hypersensitivity and Types of Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity Types of Hypersensitivity Allergy Antigen Allergen Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Introduction

Hypersensitivity is overreaction to an allergen.

Or it is an antigenic response beyond that is considered normal.

It is also known as allergy.

Hypersensitivity occurs when a sensitized person re...
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HELMINTHS Human and Microbial Interaction

HELMINTHS Human Microbial Interaction Nematodes Hookworms Microbiology Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Helminths

General Features of Nematodes

Nematodes (Nema= thread) are commonly known as Round worms. They include pinworms or thread worms, Hookworms, Whipworms.

Shape: unsegmented, Round, elongated and tapered at both...
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Cholera, Diphtheria, Pertusis, and Tetanus Microbiology

Cholera Diphtheria Pertusis Tetanus Microbiology Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Cholera

Definition: A severe acute gastrointestinal infection which is characterized by rice watery stool.

S/S: Fever, vomiting, rice watery stool, malaise, dehydration

Causative organism: Vibrio cholerae

A ...
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Introduction to Nursing.What is Nursing?

Nurse Nursing Fundamental of Nursing Assessment NCLEX

Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, commun...
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Introduction to Nursing.What is Nursing?

Nurse Nursing Fundamental of Nursing Assessment NCLEX

Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, commun...
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Introduction to Nursing

Nurse Who is a Nurse Nursing What is Nursing Nurse Definition Nursing Definition

Nursing has had a significant effect on people's lives. As rapid change continues to transform the profession of nursing and health care system. Today, nurses bring knowledge, leadership, spirit, and vital expertise to expanding roles...
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Metabolism of Proteins

Proteins Metabolism of Proteins digestion of protein protein digestion Biochemistry Chemistry Biochemistry of nurses Nursing Biochemistry

Nitrogen balance  General pathway of Protein metabolism De-amination Digestion and Absorption of Proteins.Digestion is the disintegration of complex nutrients into simple, soluble and assimilable form.
Most of the nitrogen ...
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Hormones and Study of Hormones

Hormones Study of Hormones Types of Hormones Glands Function of Hormones Growth hormones Nursing chemistry Nursing Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry

proteinaceous or non-proteinaceous (amino acids or steroids)secreted as per need and not storedregulated by nerves or by feedback effect transported by bloodMostly cause long-term effects like growth, change in behavior, etc.do not catalyze any re...
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Enzymology Study of Enzymes

Enzymes Study of enzymes Enzyme study Types of enzyme Structure of enzyme Characteristic of enzyme Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry

Enzymes are biological molecules that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions.In enzymatic reactions, substrates to products.enzymes are selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among...
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Bioenergetics and Metabolism definition

Bioenergetics Metabolism Ketabolism Anabolism Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry

Bioenergetics: study of energy flow through living systems.

Study of thousands of different cellular processes

respiration + other metabolic processes involve ATP

Bioenergetics: Study processes energy involved in maki...
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Chemistry of Nucleic Acid

Structure of Nucleic acid Chemistry of Nucleic Acid Nucleosides Nucleotides Structure of DNA & RNA Functions of Nucleic Acid Biological importance of Nucleotides Nucleic Acid Biochemistry Chemistry DNA RNA Nursing Biochemistry

Nucleotides

Composed of

Pentose sugar (Ribose; RNA, Deoxyribose; DNA).

Phosphate group

Nucleobase or Nitrogenous base

Structures of nucleosides

Types of Nucleotides (DNA)

Types ...
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Chemistry of Proteins

Proteins Amino Acid Chemistry Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry Introduction to Biochem Biochem

Amino acids are the structural units that make up proteins. They join together to form short polymer chains called peptides or longer chains called either polypeptides or proteins.These polymers are linear and unbranched, with each amino aci...
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Chemistry of Lipids

Lipids Biochemistry Biochem Fats oil Nursing Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry

Classifications of Lipids 

1. Simple lipids

2. Compound Lipids 

3. Derived Lipids

Fatty Acids

Fats & oil

Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids

Uses of fats in the body

...
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Chemistry of Carbohydrates

Biochemistry Carbohydrates Saccharine Sugar Glucose Sucrose Nursing Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry

Carbohydrate literary means hydrated carbon. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and the ratio of hydrogen and oxygen is the same as in water.Carbohydrates polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones or complex substances that on hydrol...
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Basics of organic chemistry

Organic Chemistry IUPAC IUPAC System Organic compounds Naming organic compounds Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry

I. Classification based on structures :

(1) Acyclic compounds :- Atoms link together to form a chain (straight or branch) but not rings.

 

 

(2) Cyclic or closed c...
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Introduction to Biochemistry of Nursing

Biochemistry Nursing Biochem Nurses Biochemistry Nursing Nurse Matter State of Matter

Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death.

Nursing is the protection, promotion...
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Microbiology in Everyday Life(Food, Water & Airborne Diseases)

Microbiology in Everyday Life Food diseases Water diseases Airborne Diseases Microbiology Nurses Microbiology Nursing Microbiology

Food Borne Diseases

Diseases caused by microorganisms through food

Microorganisms can cause

Food spoilage

Diseases 

Foodborne Diseases

Usually called “Food Poisoning” à caused by ea...
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Fungal Infections Microbiology Human and Microbial Interaction

Fungal Infections Microbiology Human and Microbial Interaction Microbes Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Classification of Fungi

Zygomycota ---saprophytic molds

Rhizopus

Mucor

Ascomycota ---sac fungi

Aspergillus

Epidermophytone

Can...
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Concept of A sepsis Microbiology

Concept of Asepsis Asepsis Sepsis Microbiology Chain of infection Agent Nurses Microbiology Nursing Microbiology

Model used to understand the infection process .Each link represents step in transmission of infection .Each link has to be present in order for an infection to occur.Model used to understand the infection process .Each link represents step in tra...
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Control of Microbial Growth Microbiology

Microbiology Control of Microbial Growth Microbial Growth Sterilization Nursing microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of science that deals with the study of micro organisms.Microorganisms are the living things which cannot be seen with naked eyes but can be seen with the help of microscope.Microbiology is the branch of science that dea...
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Immunity Microbiology

Microbiology Immunity Immunity Microbiology Immune System Nurses Microbiology Nursing Microbiology

 

Key Terms

Immunity: The ability of body to resist pathogens.

Antigen:   A substance that causes the formation of antibodies. It is also called immunogen

Antibod...
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Bacterial Cell Structure

Bacteria Bacteria cell Bacteria Cell structure Bacteria structure Microbiology Nurses Microbiology Nursing Microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of science that deals with the study of micro organisms.Microorganisms are the living things which cannot be seen with naked eyes but can be seen with the help of microscope.Microbiology is the branch of science that dea...
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History Of Microbiology

Microbiology History History of Microbiology Nurses Microbiology Nursing Microbiology

Short History and some Contributions

1665.   Hook—First observation of cell

1673.   Van Leeuwenhoek—First observation of live microorganisms

1735.    Linnaeus—Nomenclature of organisms

1798.  ...
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Introduction to Microbiology

Micro Microbiology Biology Nursing Microbiology Nurses Microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of science that deals with the study of micro organisms.Microorganisms are the living things which cannot be seen with naked eyes but can be seen with the help of microscope.Microbiology is the branch of science that dea...
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History of Community Health Nursing

Community health Community Health Nursing Nursing Nurse History of Nursing

Before mid 1800s-Early Home Care with focus in Sick and Poor individual.Orientation: curative

agencies: lay & religious orders

*St. Phoebe

Mid 1800s to 1900-district Nursing with focus in Sick and poor individual

...
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Lymphatic System

Lymphatic System Lymph Lymph nodes Nodes Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

An organ system consisting of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph nodules, tonsils, spleen, thymus and functions that include the recovery of tissue fluid and immunity.An organ system consisting of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph nodules, ...
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Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular system heart CVS Cardiac system Veins Artery Nursing anatomy Nursing anatomy and physiology

The circulatory system is a network consisting of blood, blood vessels, and the heart. This network supplies tissues in the body with oxygen and other nutrients, transports hormones, and removes unnecessary waste products.The circu...
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Integumentary System

Integumentary System Skin Nail Hair Glands Dermatology Nursing anatomy Nursing physiology Nursing anatomy and physiology

Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands).Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands).Integumentary System is composed of skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, glands...
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Muscular System

Muscular system Muscle Myology Anatomy Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

Introduction to muscles The muscular system consists of about 600 skeletal muscles excluding cardiac and smooth muscles.Myology is the study of muscles.A skeletal muscle is composed of both muscular tissue and connective tissue.Introduction to mus...
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The Joints

Joint Types of Joint Joint types Joint anatomy Joint Physiology Nursing Anatomy Nursing physiology

Joint is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth. Joint is also known as articulation or arthrosis.is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth. ...
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Skeletal System,Bone and Structure of Bone

Tissue Bone Structure of bone Nurses Anatomy Anatomy Bone and Types of Bone Type of Bones Nursing anatomy

??The long bones in the body are as follows: Legs: The femur, tibia, and fibula. Arms: The humerus, radius, and ulna. The clavicles or collar bones.The long bones in the body are as follows: Legs: The femur, tibia, and fibula. Arms: The humer...
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Tissues and Type of Tissues

Tissue Type of Tissue Tissue types EPITHELIUM CONNECTIVE TISSUE Blood Nursing Anatomy Nurses anatomy Nurse

Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure and function. There are four main tissues in the body – epithelium, muscle, connective, and nervous tissue.Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure and function.There are four main t...
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Homeostasis and Adaptations

Homeostasis Adaptations Homeostasis and adaptations Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy

The relative consistency of the internal environment is tried to be maintained despite changes in the external environment.All organs and systems of the body participate in maintaining homeostasis. For instance, the lungs provide O2 to replenish i...
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MEMBRANES

Membranes Membrane Epithelial Membranes Serous Membrane Mucous Membrane Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nurse

Membranes are sheets of tissue that cover (on the outside) or line (on the inside) surfaces and organs. There are two major categories of membranes as Epithelial  Membranes and Connective Membranes. Their function is secretion and protection. Mem...
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Connective Tissues

Connective Tissue Blood Areolar (loose) Adipose Fibrous Elastic Bone Cartilage Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Anatomy Anatomy and physiology

It’s name suggests to connect body parts. It is the most abundant and found everywhere in the body. Its distinctive characteristic is that it produces and secretes matrix to their exterior called extracellular matrix. This matrix may be liquid (...
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Muscular Tissue and Types of Muscular Tissue

Tissue Muscular Tissue Cardiac Tissue Skeletal Muscles Nurses Anatomy Nursing anatomy

generates heat and physical force to produce movements. It maintains posture and provides protection. A muscle tissue consists of elongated cells called muscle fibers that use ATP to generate force. It is classified into three types: skeletal, car...
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Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues

Tissue Simple Squamous Stratified squamous Transitional Cuboidal Tissues Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy Nurse

Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,Cuboidal Tissues,Simple Squamous,Stratified squamous,Transitional,...
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Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage,Fibro Cartilage and Elastic Cartilage

Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage Fibrocartilage Elastic Cartilage Anatomy anatomy and Physiology Nurses anatomy Nursing anatomy

It is less hard and more flexible than bone. It is composed of chindrocytes (Cartilage Cells). It is found in only a few places in the body. There are three types of cartilages.It is less hard and more flexible than bone. It is composed of chindro...
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Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants

Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants Abdominopelvic Abdominopelvic Regions 9 body regions Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

To describe the location of abdominal and pelvic organs easily, the abdomenopelvic region is divided into two ways—1) Either into Nine regions or 2) Four quadrants.The nine regions are made by drawing two transverse and two vertical lines.The to...
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PLANES AND SECTIONS

Plane Planes and Sections Sections Anatomical Plane Body planes Body Sections Nurse Nursing Anatomy Nursing physiology

To describe internal anatomy, the body or an organ is often cut or sectioned in a specific way to make it easily visible. So, a plane is an imaginary line that separates two portions of the body or an organ. The types of sections ...
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BODY CAVITIES,Cranial Cavity,Thoracic Cavity,Abdominal Cavity,Pelvic Cavity

BODY CAVITIES Cranial Cavity Thoracic Cavity Abdominal Cavity Pelvic Cavity Nurse Nursing Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Nursing Anatomy and Physiology

The organs that make up the systems of the body are contained in four major cavities (Other minor cavities having no organs are also present in the body). The four major cavities are as follows:The organs that make up the systems of the body are c...
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Solution,hypotonic solution, isotonic solution, and hypertonic solution

Solution hypotonic solution isotonic solution and hypertonic solution Nurse Nursing Nurses Anatomy Nursing Anatomy

When a solute is dissolved in a solvent it forms a solution. Eg. Sugar dissolved in water.Strength of a solution: The amount of solute particles dissolved per unit volume of a solution is called s...
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Anatomy and Physiology Terminology

Anatomy Physiology Terminology of Anatomy Nursing Anatomy Nurses Anatomy

This is the study of function of organ or body or cell.The study of structure (shape,size, location) of an organ or a cell is called anatomy.The study of abnormalities or disease is called pathology.The study of causes of disease is known as etio...
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Anatomy and Physiology Basics

Cell Anatomy Physiology Pathology Etiology Diffusion Nursing Anatomy Nurse Nurses Anatomy

This is the study of function of organ or body or cell.The study of structure (shape,size, location) of an organ or a cell is called anatomy.The study of abnormalities or disease is called pathology.The study of causes of disease is known as etiol...
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Vital Signs Pulse,Temperature,Blood Pressure,Pain,Oxygen Saturation

Pulse Vital Signs Pulse Temperature Blood Pressure Pain Oxygen Saturation Nursing Fundamental of Nursing Nurse assessment

Vital Signs .Assessment of Vital Signs.Temperature.Pulse.Respirations.Blood Pressure.The fifth vital sign.Pain.Oxygen Saturation.Temperature.Vital Signs .Assessment of Vital Signs.Temperature.Pulse.Respirations.Blood Pressure.The fifth vital sign....
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PSEUDOMONAS

PSEUDOMONAS What is PSEUDOMONAS Types of PSEUDOMONAS Nursing microbiology Microbiology

IMPORTANT PROPERTIES are 1.Pseudomonas are gram negative rods.2.They are strict AEROBES  i.e,they derive their energy only by oxidation of sugars.Oxidation involves electron transport by cytochrome c,Pseudomonas is OXIDASE POSITIVE.3.Pseudomonas ...
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Proteins and Types of proteins,Structure of proteins and Function of proteins

Biochemistry Protein Biochemistry Amino acid Nursing Biochemistry Nurse Nurses Nursing

Nitrogenous compounds made up of a large number of amino acids joined together through peptide bonds. Are the most abundant organic molecules forming 50% dry weight of cells.Are distinct from CHO and lipids in that they contain 16% N, 1% S and les...
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Lipid Chemistry

Biochemistry Lipids Fats Nursing Biochemistry Nurse Nurses Classification of lipids

Lipids are organic compounds, found in plants and animals, related to FAs potentially or actually, relatively insol in H2O & sol in non-polar solvents.Fatlike subs that may not be actually related to FAs.Lipids are organic compounds, found in plan...
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Enzymes and Types of Enzymes,Functions of Enzymes

Enzymes Types of Enzymes Nurses Biochem Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry

Biologic catalysts that accelerate biological reactions without being consumed.Biologic catalysts that accelerate biological reactions without being consumed.Biologic catalysts that accelerate biological reactions without being consumed.Biologic c...
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Chain Of Infection

Chain Chain of Infection Epidemiology Nursing Nurses Nurse

As healthcare professionals, it is important to understand two things about infection:As healthcare professionals, it is important to understand two things about infection:As healthcare professionals, it is important to understand two things about...
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Amino acid Metabolism

Amino acid Protein Types of amino acid function of protein Protein Nurses Nursing Nursing Biochemistry

Amino acids are organic complex compounds containing amine (-NH 2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid. The key elements of an amino acid are ca...
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Isomers and Types of Isomers

Biochemistry Nurses Biochemistry Nursing Biochemistry Nurse Nursing

Compounds having the same chemical but different spatial, empirical & structural formula are called isomers. It depends upon the no(n) of asymmetric – C atoms. Glucose has 4(n) asymetric carbon atoms and therefore (4x4)=16 possible isomers.Compo...
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POLYSACCHARIDES and Biochemistry of Carbohydrates

POLYSACCHARIDES Biochemistry Glucose Sucrose Nursing Biochem Nurse Biochemistry

POLYSACCHARIDES Contain large numbers of sugar residues.Serves as store of fuel.Forms structural elements of cells.POLYSACCHARIDES Contain large numbers of sugar residues.Serves as store of fuel.Forms structural elements of cells.POLYSACCHARIDES C...
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Chemistry of Carbohydrates

Biochem Biochemistry Nursing biochemistry Nurse biochemistry Medical Biochemistry

These are ALDEHYDE or KETONE group containing compounds with multiple hydroxyl groups.These are Polyhydric or Polyhydroxy alcohols with potentionally active carbonyl group which may be either alddehyde or keto group.These are polyhydroxylated comp...
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Therapeutic Communication Techniques

Communication Therapeutic communication Nurses communication Nursing communication Health care profession

Sitting quietly (or walking with the client) and waiting attentively until the client is able to put thoughts and feelings into words)Perhaps you would like to talk about…”Therapeutic communication is very important because patient needed it v...
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Vitamin E and K Water Soluble Vitamins

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vitamin is an organic complex (or related set of molecules) that is very essential for body that an Organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its Anabolism and Katabolism(Metabolism) . Essential nutrie...
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Vitamin B1 B2 B3 Chemical names,Solubility and sources

vitamin vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Disease of Vitamin Vitamin Deficiency disease uses of vitamins Nurse Nursing Nurses Knowledge regarding vitamins

vitamin is an organic complex (or related set of molecules) that is very essential for body that an Organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its Anabolism and Katabolism(Metabolism) . Essential nutrie...
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What is Reflective Log?How to write an effective reflective log?

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Reflective practice is "the capacity to reflect on action so as to engage in a process of continuous learning". According to one definition it involves "paying critical attention to the practical values and theories which inform everyday actions, ...
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Spiritual care in nursing psychology

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Spiritual care is a fundamental part of nursing currently much neglected through ignorance and misunderstanding”.• The practice of spiritual care is about meeting people at the point of deepest need.• It is about not just ‘doing to’ but ...
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SECURITY THREATS TO PAKISTAN

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Etymologically, security implies the absence of real or perceived threats whether originating from internal turmoil, external sources, or incumbent economic disparities and inequalities. Pakistan is a consociation state where different religious g...
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Reason Behind Poverty

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Poverty often deprives a man of all spirit and virtue; it is hard for an empty bag to stand upright."Condition where people’sbasic needs for food, clothing and shelter are not being met. Poverty is of two types: absolute poverty and relative pov...
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Child labour in Pakistan

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Not all work done by children should be classified as child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their scho...
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Drugs Addiction among Youth

Scholarly paper Drugs Addiction among Youth Drugs Addiction Scholarly paper on Drugs Addiction among Youth Nurse Nursing scholarly paper

The term ‘drug’ has now been given a new connotation. It was used originally to means ‘medicine’. However, now-a-days, the term ‘drug’ means not only medicine, but also the fatal narcotics that include cocaine, heroin, brown sugar, and...
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Role of Ethics in Nursing

Role of Ethics in Nursing Scholarly paper how to write scholarly paper Nursing scholarly paper

The word ethics is derived from the Greek word “ethos”, which means custom or guiding beliefs. Ethics is defined as a set of rules or principles that govern right conduct and is designed to protect the rights of a human being. Nursing ethics ...
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Effects of Stress on Health

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Stress is defined as a process in which environmental demands strain an organism’s adaptive capacity resulting in both psychological demands as well as biological changes that could place at risk for illness. Things that cause us stress are call...
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Nursing in Pakistan

Nursing Nursing in pakistan Nurse Registered nurse

Nursing is a major component of Pakistan's health-care system. Nursing is a health-care profession which is mainly aimed on the care of families and individuals. Nursing is important in every part of the world, but in developing countries like...
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Prevalence Of Hepatitis In Pakistan

Nursing Scholarly paper Scholarly Paper Prevalence Of Hepatitis In Pakistan

Viral hepatitis is a serious global public health problem. At present, six distinct types of hepatitis virus have been identified and called as hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and G viruses. For hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV), the pri...
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FACTORS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN PAKISTAN

Nurse Scholarly Paper Nursing Scholarly Paper Scholarly paper on FACTORS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN PAKISTAN FACTORS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN PAKISTAN

WHO defines domestic violence as ‘"the range of sexually, psychologically and physically coercive acts used against young  and  adolescent  women  by  current  or  former male intimate partners." There are many forms of d...
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Importance of Research in Nursing Pakistan

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In all parts of the world ,nursing has experienced a profound culture change over the past few decades.Nursing are increasingly expected to understand and conduct research,and to base their professional practice on emerging from research -that is,...
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Medical Perspectives about Abortion

Medical Perspectives about Abortion Scholarly paper on abortion Scholarly paper on medical perspective about abortion Scholarly paper How to write scholarly paper Nursing Scholarly paper

Abortion is one of the most difficult, controversial, and painful subjects in modern American society. The principal controversy revolves around the questions of who makes the decision concerning abortion the individual or the state; under what ci...
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Effect Of Therapeutic Communication On Patient Scholarly Paper

Scholarly Paper How to write scholarly paper Research research paper Scholarly paper method scholar Nursing scholarly paper scholarly paper format Medical scholarly paper

The concept of "therapeutic communication" refers to the process in which the Nurse consciously influences a client or helps the client to a better understandingthrough verbal or nonverbal communication.Therapeutic communication involvesthe use of...
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History of Psychiatry

History history of mental health history of psychiatry history of mental health nursing

Prehistoric cultures often held a supernatural view of abnormal behavior and saw it as the work of evil spirits, demons, gods, or witches who took control of the person. This form of demonic possession was believed to occur when the person engaged...
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Reflective log on Schizophrenia Patient Assessment

Assessment Mental Health Mental Health Nursing Mental Health Assessment Reflective cycle Gibbs Reflective log

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective Log on Depression Patient Assessment

Nursing Reflective log Reflective log Medical Reflective log Psychiatry Research Reflective self self assessment

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective log on Bipolar Patient Assessment

Nursing Reflective log Reflective log Medical Reflective log Psychiatry Research Reflective self self assessment

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective log on clinical assessment

Reflective log Medical Reflective log Nursing Reflective log Gibbs model reflective diary Self assessment

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Patient Assessment Theory (Knowledge) and Practice Integration

Patient assessment assessment mental health mental health nursing assessment chart psychiatry psychiatric nursing

Depression is a serious mood disorder characterized by sadness, low self esteem and low energy.According to the pt he had headache, depressed mood, loss of concentration and disturb sleep. A 25 years old patient was lying on bed in supine position...
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Patient Assessment Theory (Knowledge) and Practice Integration Demographic Data

Mental Health Mental health nursing Psychiatric assessment Assessment

An abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physiological signs (as sweating, tension, and increased pulse), by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by self-doubt about on.The patient was in pa...
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Depression,Types of Depression and Medical and Nursing Management of Depression

Depression Types of depression management of depression Nursing diagnosis of depression medical diagnosis of depression Drugs for depression

Everyone occasionally feels blue or sad, but these feelings are usually fleeting (short live) and pass within a couple of days. When a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life, normal functioning, and causes pain fo...
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FRCE strategies for reduction of Poverty in Pakistan

Poverty poverty in pakistan Nurse Nursing Research Analsyis

Poverty has been one of the biggest problems that Pakistan faces today. It is rightly said that poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. Nearly 60 per cent of the population of Pakistan lives in villages. According to an analysis, po...
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Bio statistics Tutorial No 3

Nursing Biostate Biostate Biostatistics Biology and State

Statistics as a discipline refers to statistical methodology, techniques and procedures dealing with design of the experiments, collection, organization analysis and interpretation of the information contained in a data set.the word statistics als...
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Bio statistics Tutorial No 2

Biostate Biostatistics Biology and stat Stat Nursing Biostate

Statistics as a discipline refers to statistical methodology, techniques and procedures dealing with design of the experiments, collection, organization analysis and interpretation of the information contained in a data set.the word statistics als...
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Introduction to Bio Statistics Tutorial

Biostat Biostatistics Biology and Statistics Nursing Biostate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statistics as a discipline refers to statistical methodology, techniques and procedures dealing with design of the experiments, collection, org...
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Hypertension signs and symptoms of Hypertension and Medical and Nursing management of Hypertension

Nursing care of Hypertension Nurse care of Hypertension signs and symptoms of Hypertension Emergency of Hypertension doctor of Hypertension

Hypertension is persistent high blood pressure, usually defi ned as a systolic pressure above 140 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure above 90 mm Hg based on two or more consecutive readings over a 2-week period (see Classifying blood pressure readi...
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Heart failure signs and Symptoms and Medical and Nursing management of Heart Failure

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis of Heart Failure Nursing Care of Heart failure Nursing Interventions Heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to meet the body’s demands .Left-sided heart failure may be caused by anterior MI, ventricular septal defect, cardiomyopathy, cardiac tamponade, constrictive pericar...
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Endocarditis Signs and Symptoms of Endocarditis and Medical and Nursing management of Endocarditis

Endocarditis Nursing Care of Endocarditis Diagnosis and treatment Endocarditis

Endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the endocardium, heart valves, or a cardiac prosthesis resulting from bacterial (particularly streptococci, staphylococci, or enterococci) or fungal invasion .Conditions that increase the risk of endoc...
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Angina signs and symptoms and Medical and Nursing Management of Angina

Angina Angina nursing care Angina management Angina threat Angina danger Angina care

Four types of angina exist: stable (angina that hasn’t increased in severity or frequency over several months), unstable (angina that has increased in frequency, severity, or duration or has changed in quality and occurs with minimal exertion an...
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Coronary artery disease signs and symptoms and Medical and Nursing a=management of Coronary Artery Disease

Nurse Nursing care Nursing diagnosis of coronary artery disease Coronary artery disease

In CAD, plaques partially or totally occlude the coronary artery vasculature; it’s the leading cause of death and disease in the United States.Some risk factors for CAD can’t be modifi ed: old age, male gender, and family history of heart dise...
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Cardiomyopathy sings and symptoms and Medical and Nursing Management of Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy Nursing care of Cardiomyopathy Nursing interventions Cardiomyopathy Diagnosis and treatment Cardiomyopathy Signs and symptoms Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, reducing cardiac output and eventually resulting in heart failure .Cardiomyopathy is classifi ed according to the structural and functional abnormalities of the heart.muscle; types include dilated, ...
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Buerger’s disease Signs and symptoms and medical and nursing management of Buerger’s disease

Nurse Nursing Nurse care Nursing Care Nursing care to a cardiac patient Nursing diagnosis of cardiac patient diagnosis Treatment of cardiac patient Buerger’s disease Buerger’s disease treatment

Buerger’s disease, also called thromboangiitis obliterans, is an infl ammatory, nonatheromatousocclusive condition that causes segmental lesions and subsequent thrombus formation in the small andmedium arteries (and sometimes the veins), resulti...
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Arterial occlusive disease

Arterial occlusive disease Cardiac Disease Cardiac Nursing care nursing of cardiac patient

Arterial occlusive disease is an obstructive, usually degenerative arterial disorder representing a late stage of arteriosclerosis; it’s the most common form of obstructive disease after age 30.Other causes of arterial occlusive disease include ...
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Arrhythmia signs and symptoms nursing diagnosis and interventions of Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia signs and symptoms nursing diagnosis interventions of Arrhythmia

During a cardiac arrhythmia, abnormal electrical conduction or automaticity changes heart rate and Rhythm.Arrhythmias vary in severity, from mild and asymptomatic ones that require no treatment (such as sinus arrhythmia, in which heart rate increa...
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Aneurysm, femoral and popliteal signs and symptoms , Treatment and Nursing Intervention of Aneurysm

Aneurysm cardiac care cardaic nursing care Nursing care Nursing intervention of a cardiac patient Nursing care of cardiac patient

In femoral and popliteal aneurysms, progressive atherosclerotic changes occur in the walls (medial layer) of the femoral and popliteal arteries, resulting in a dilation or outpouching.The aneurysms may be fusiform (spindle-shaped) or saccular (pou...
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Thrombotic effect,sign and symptoms of thrombotic effect and treatment of thrombotic effect

Thrombotic effect Signs & Symptoms of thrombotic Nursing Considerations of thrombotic effect

An aortic aneurysm is a localized or diffuse dilation of the wall of the aorta, particularly the abdominal aorta below the renal arteries. Causes of aortic aneurysm include atherosclerosis, severe hypertension, and  pregnancy (when hormonal chan...
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Aneurysm, aortic

Aneurysm aortic nursing diagnosis of aneurysm nursing care of cardiac patient

An aortic aneurysm is a localized or diffuse dilation of the wall of the aorta, particularly the abdominal aorta below the renal arteries. Causes of aortic aneurysm include atherosclerosis, severe hypertension, and  pregnancy (when hormonal chan...
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Nursing considerations for patients in skeletal or skin traction

Nurse Fracture disease disability neuro nerve nursing diagnosis nursing consideration

A femoral fracture is a break in the femur anywhere along its shaft Transverse, oblique, and comminuted fractures are the most common types of femoral fractures and may be open or closed (see Types and causes of fractures)A femoral fract...
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Skeletal and skin traction and its Nursing Considerations

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Fracture Nursing diagnosis of fracture treatment of fracture types of fracture

A femoral fracture is a break in the femur anywhere along its shaft Transverse, oblique, and comminuted fractures are the most common types of femoral fractures and may be open or closed (see Types and causes of fractures)A femoral fract...
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Types and causes of fractures

Nurse Nursing Disease fracture disability causes of fracture

A femoral fracture is a break in the femur anywhere along its shaft Transverse, oblique, and comminuted fractures are the most common types of femoral fractures and may be open or closed. A femoral fracture can occur at any age, as a result of a f...
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Fractures femoral signs and symptoms of fractures and treatment of fractures

Fracture Types of Fracture Femoral Fracture Fracture treatment Nursing Diagnosis of Fracture

A femoral fracture is a break in the femur anywhere along its shaft Transverse, oblique, and comminuted fractures are the most common types of femoral fractures and may be open or closed (see Types and causes of fractures)A femoral fractu...
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Treatments for diabetes mellitus

Diabetes Mellitis Diabetes Disease Care Cure Nursing Care Medical Care Online Doctor

A patient with diabetes mellitus commonly follows a regimen that requires medications (an oral antidiabetic or insulin), diet,and physical activity.An oral antidiabetic may be prescribed alone or in combinationwith another drug and/or insulin for ...
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Cushing’s syndrome Sign and Symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome And Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome

Nurse Cushing Syndrome Cortical Hormone Disease Disease Human Disease Patient Nursing Diagnosis

Cushing’s syndrome is hyper-function of the adrenal cortex caused by an overabundance ofcortisol. It’s classified as corticotropin-dependent or corticotropin-independent.With corticotropin-dependent Cushing’s syndrome, cortical hyperfunctio...
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Addison’s disease sign and symptoms of Addison Disease Treatment of Addison Disease

Addison Addison Disease Hormonal Disturbance Cortical Hormone Human Diseases Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Intervention

Addison’s disease is a chronic adrenocortical insufficiency most commonly caused by autoimmunedestruction of the adrenal cortex .Other causes of adrenal insufficiency include fungal infection and infectious disease such as tuberculosis;hemorrhag...
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Research On Level Of Job Satisfaction Among MTI Nurses Working In Tertiary Care Hospitals

Nurses Research Research MTI Nursing Job Nursing Job satisfaction Nurses Job Nurse research data Final Research Paper Research paper

Nurse’s satisfaction is a complex phenomenon. It has a significant association with quality of nursing care.Nurse’s satisfaction level is highly associated with hospital policies. Nurse’s satisfaction may be found in many domains i.e.in work...
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Reflective Log On Clinical Assessment 4

Reflective log Nurse Nursing Exam Nurse Assessment Nurse Clinical Nurse Assignment Nurses Diary

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective Log On Clinical assessment 3

Reflective log Nurse Nursing Exam Nurse Assessment Nurse Clinical Nurse Assignment

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective Log on Clinical Assessment 2

Reflective Log Nurses Nursing Career Nurses exams Nurse health Nurse Assessment Doctor Medic

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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Reflective Log on Clinical Assessment 1

Reflective Log Nurses Nursing Career Nurses exams Nurse health Nurse Assessment Doctor Medic

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (They are interchangable) are common requirements in UK and US universities assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoreti...
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How To Write Scholarly Paper?

Scholarly Paper Paper Research Research Paper Analysis Nursing Research Research On Drug

Scholarly Paper is very important in every profession because it leads you toward research and make it easy for you that how will you do the research.I will say that it is a road to researh because these small things are the bridges of reseasrch a...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 8

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline Medical Exams

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 7

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline Paramedic Exams

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 6

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline Community Nurse

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 5

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline Health Nurse

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 4

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline Clinic

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 3

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 2

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics Solved MCQs Chapter 2

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Bio statistics MCQs Chapter 1

MCQs Preparation NCLEX HAAD NCLEX Nurses Exam Nurses Biostate Bio statistics Nurse Nursing Health Doctor Multiple Choice Healthline

Statistics is a body of techniques and procedures dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of information that can be stated numerically.If related to Biological or Medical sciences called Bio-statistics...
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Pakistan Nurses Federation ,functions of the PNF

Nurse Nursing PNF HAAD PNC NCLEX HAAD DHA MOH Health Community Health

The Pakistan Nurses Federation (PNF) is an independent non-governmental professional association of nursing in Pakistan.The PNF was registered on July 6, 1972, by the Assistant Registrar, Joint Stock Companies, Lahore Region, under Societies Act 1...
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Research on Experience of devolution in district health system of Pakistan: Perspectives regarding needed reforms

Researh Research analysis Nursing research methodology Nurse Doctor Health DHA HAAD

Research on Experience of devolution in district health system of Pakistan: Perspectives regarding needed reforms  this research is very needful for pakistan health services because there is no such strong system that may help the health system s...
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Tramal Tramadol HCL and Lasix Indications,contraindications,Route of administration

Nurse Pharmacology Nursing pharmacology Drug NCLEX HAAD

Tramadol is primarily indicated in conditions like moderate to severe pain, Parkinson’s disease, drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms.Furosemide is an antihypertensive agent. It is a prototype drug of loop diuretic.Tramadol I s contraindicated i...
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How to write an effective propsal for a research

Nurse Doctor Research Research Proposal Research analysis spss proposal Nursing Research

Proposal is a stepwise process and written form that lead you toward the research process.In proposal you show your problem to the supervisor that this is the problem that i recognized here and have found the gap here and now i want to explore thi...
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Atrial septal defect and Treatment of Atrial septal defect

Atrial septal defect Disease Treatment Nurse Nursing care Patient Doctor

An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall between the two upper chambers of your heart (atria). The condition is present from birth (congenital). Small atrial septal defects may close on their own during infancy or early childhood.Lar...
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AIDP (Guillain-Barre syndrome)(mental disorder/diseas)

Nurse Doctor Disease Nursing Care HealthlineGullian Bare

Guillain-Barre (gee-YAH-buh-RAY) syndrome is a rare disorder in which your body's immune system attacks your nerves. Weakness and tingling in your extremities are usually the first symptoms. These sensations can quickly spread, eventually para...
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anterior cruciate ligament ACL Injury and Treatment of ACL Injury

Nurse Doctor HAAD DHA Healthline of ACL Injury Nursing Care

An ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate (KROO-she-ate) ligament, or ACL, inside your knee joint. An ACL injury most commonly occurs during sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction — such as basketball, soccer, tenn...
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Bowen’s disease and Treatment of Bowen’s disease

Bowen’s disease Nurse Healthline Disease Care Nursing Care Doctor

Bowen’s disease is also known as intra-epidermal squamous cell carcinoma, and is a growth of cancerous cells that is confined to the outer layer of the skin. It is not a serious condition, and its importance rests on the fact that, occasionally,...
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ACNE disorder and Solution for ACNE

Nurse Doctor Nursing Care Nursing Diagnose Acne Acne Care Acne Treatment

Acne is a very common skin condition characterized by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and pus-filled spots (pustules). It usually starts at puberty and varies in severity from a few spots on the face, back and chest, which most adolescents w...
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Respiration, phases and lung volumes

Nurse Nursing Diagnose Doctor Healthline of Respiration Respiration NCLEX HAAD DHA

The process of exchange of gases between the atmosphere and lungs is called pulmonary ventilation. The process of exchange of gases between the lungs alveoli and the blood is called external respiration.The process of exchange of gases between the...
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SHOCK and Management of Shock

Shock Nurse Nursing Diagnose Healthline of shock Doctor Patient

Profound hemodynamic and metabolic disturbance characterized by failure of the circulatory system to maintain adequate perfusion of vital organs. Shock is a physiologic state characterized by a systemic reduction in tissue perfusion, resulting in ...
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Stress in Critical Care Nursing

Nurse Critical Care Nursing NCLEX HAAD DHA MCQs Doctor Stress

Dilemmas that center on death and dying are prevalent in nursing practice and frequently initiate moral discussion. Transitioning from cure to comfort care. It is essential to support the patient and the patient's family cultural beliefs and s...
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Disability Adjusted Life Years and Quality-adjusted life years

Community Health Nursing Nurse Doctor Patient Disease NCLEX HAAD MOH Healthline

The DALY approach is increasingly cited as a powerful tool for decision-makers in international health (Bobadilla et al 1994, Bobadilla 1996, Murray and Lopez 1996). Its attractiveness lies in the fact that it combines information about mortality ...
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Anatomy and Physiology Terminology

Anatomy Physiology Terms Nursing Anatomy Nursing Physiology Medical Anatomy NCLEX HAAD

Collagen is a type of protein fiber found abundantly throughout our body. It provides strength and cushioning to many different areas of the body, including the skin. More specifically, collagen >>>Continue Reading...

Nursing Process

Nurse Nursing Process NANDA Assessment Nursing Diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation

The nursing process functions as a systematic and dynamic guide that is client-centered care with 5 ordered steps. These are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Assessment. Assessm...
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Hypersensitivity and types of Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity Disease Patient Nurse Doctor Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Intervention

It is defined as a state of the exaggerated or inappropriate immune response to an antigen. OR. Overreaction of the immune system to harmless environmental antigens. There are four types of Hypersensitivity.Every type is important to know because...
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HIV and AIDS

AIDS Nursing Diagnosis Nurse Doctor Nursing Care Doctor Patient HIV HAAD

HIV belong to(retrovirus group) also called  (Lenti virus) means attack immune system.Origin:HIV came from no human primates, chimps (monkeys)  )to human.HIV  stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes AIDS.It attacks the immune system...
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Infection Control in Nursing

Infection infection control chain of infection Nurse Doctor HAAD DHA Nursing Diagnose

An invasion of pathogens or micro organisms in to the body that is capable of producing disease .The invasion and reproduction of microbes in body tissues that can result in a local or systemic clinical response such as cellulitis,  fever, etc.To...
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Roles of Community Health Nursing

Nurse Doctor Community Community Health Community Nurse Nursing Role of Nurse

Care provider: The nurse ensures that health services are not only provided to individuals and families but also provided to groups and populationsThe clinician role has emphasis on holism, health promotion and skill expansion

...
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All International Days International Nurses Day

Nursing History

Every year we celebrate these days if we do not know about these days so we are week in history while remembering these days can ehance your history knowledge and you can also answer easily about these days.Alot of tests like NTS ETEA etc repeat t...
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Varicose veins Medical and Nursing Management

Varicose veins Nurse HAAD DHA Doctor Patient Nursing Diagnosis NCLEX Disease

Varicose veins Veins square measure veins that became enlarged and tortuous. The term ordinarily refers to the veins on the leg, though Varicose veins will occur elsewhere. Veins have leaflet valves to stop blood from flowing backwards (retrograde...
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Trigeminal Neuralgia Symptoms and Causes

Nurse Disease Patient Nursing Diagnosis Doctor DHA HAAD NCLEX ANA NANDA Healthline

Trigeminal neuralgia may be a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminus, that carries sensation from your face to your brain. If you have got Trigeminal neuralgia, even gentle stimulation of your face — like from brushing your teeth or ...
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Facts about Arthritis Do you know?

Arthritis Disease Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Patient Doctor DHA HAAD NCLEX ANA NANDA Healthline

Arthritis is inflammation of 1 or additional of your joints. the most symptoms of inflammatory disease ar joint pain and stiffness, which usually worsen with age. the foremost common forms of inflammatory disease ar degenerative arthritis and rheu...
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Tonsillitis Symptoms and Causes

TONSILITIS Disease Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Patient Doctor DHA HAAD NCLEX ANA NANDA

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, 2 oval-shaped pads of tissue at the rear of the throat — one palatine tonsil on either side. Signs and symptoms of inflammation embrace swollen tonsils tonsillitis , pharyngitis, problem swallowing and...
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Respiratory Tract Infections Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis Disease Patient Nurse Doctor HAAD ANA NCLEX DHA Nursing Diagnosis

After associate degree time period of 48–72 hours, classic symptoms of nasal discharge and obstruction, sneezing, inflammatory disease and cough occur in each adults and youngsters. Myalgia and headache may also be present. Fever is rare. The ...
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RETINAL DETACHMENT and Retinal Detachment Medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Patient NCLEX HAAD DHA ANA NANDA Doctor

Retinal detachment is a separation of the light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye (the retina) from its supporting layers.

Causes:

•Injury

•Advanced diabetes

•Shrinking of vitr...
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DIABETES INSIPIDUS and DIABETES INSIPIDUS Medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Doctor Patient Disease NCLEX HAAD DHA ANA NANDA

Diabetes insipidus is a disorder of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland characterized by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), or vasopressin.Great thirst (polydipsia) and large volumes of dilute urine characterize the disorder.

...
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SYNDROME OF INAPPROPRIATE ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE SECRETION SIADH Medical and Nursing Management

SIADH Nurse Nursing Diagnosis NANDA ANA HAAD NCLEX.Doctor Patient

The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion includes excessive ADH secretion from the pituitary gland even in the face of subnormal seru...
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Gigantism And Acromegaly

Nurse Growth hormones Gigantism NCLEX NANDA ANA HAAD DHA Nursing Diagnosis

In young persons with open epiphyses, overproduction leads to gigantism & in persons with closed epiphyses (Adult), the result is acromegaly.

Epiphyseal Growth Plates

•Area in long bones responsible for crea...
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Hyperpituitarism Growth hormone (GH) Secretion

Nurse Fundamental of nursing HAAD Amino Acid NCLEX ANA NANDA Nurse

The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is often referred as master gland because of its role in regulating other endocrine glands.•The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is sized of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams (0.018 oz) in humans. It is a protrusion...
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Pneumonia and Pneumonia Medical and Nursing management

Pneumonia Disease Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Doctor HAAD Patient DHA NCLEX NANDA ANA

It is the infection of one or both lungs in which air sacs are filled with pus and other liquids, usually caused by Bacteria , virus or fungus.It is a communicable disease and usually transmitted through droplets from coughing or sneezing.

...
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Parkinson disease and Parkinson disease Medical and Nursing Management

Parkinson disease Nurse Nursing Diagnosis HAAD NCLEX DHA Disease Patient Doctor Mental

Parkinsonism is a chronic, progressive neurologic disease affecting the basal ganglia of the brain that leads to deficiency of neurotransmitter dopamine. It is characterized by muscle weakness, rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia(slow movement ...
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Hypoparathyroidism and Hypoparathyroidism Medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Disease Patient Hormorne Nursing Diagnosis Doctor HAAD NCLEX DHA

The state of decreased parathyroid activity is known as hypoparathyroidism. This is most commonly associated with damage to the glands or their blood supply during thyroid surgery.Hypoparathyroidism will also occur after surgical removal of the pa...
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Otitis externa and Otitis externa Medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Medical Diagnosis NCLEX HAAD DHA Doctor Ear Otitis Externa

Otitis externa, also known as swimmer's ear.it is an inflammation of the external auditory canal characterize by  ear pain, swelling of the ear canal, and occasionally dec...
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osteoporosis And osteoporosis medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Doctor Nursing Diagnosis Osteoporosis NCLEX HAAD

Osteoporosis is a multifactorial progressive metabolic bone disease that decreases bone density with deterioration of bone structure (architecture ).

“OR”

         “systemic skeletal disease characterized by low b...
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Amputations and Fracture Medical and Nursing management

Nurse Doctor Disease Nclex HAAD DHA Nursing Care

Amputations and Fracture:-

Fracture:- It is a break in the continuity of a bone.

Causes:

Menier’s Disease and Menier’s Disease Medical and Nursing Management

Nurse Medical HAAD NCLEX DHA Nursing Diagnosis Ear Disease

Ménière’s disease is an  inner ear disease in which there is excessive accumulation of fluid as result of malabsorption in the endolymphatic sac or due to over production of endolymph. As a result cause, endolymphatic >>>Continue Reading...

Mastoiditis And Mastoiditis Medical and Nursing Management

Disease Nurse NCLEX HAAD Nursing Diagnosis

Mastoiditis is an infection of the mastoid bone of the skull due to  untreated acute    otitis media or middle ear infection which can result in the extension of the infection into the mastoid cavity and effect mastoid ear cell of periosteiam....
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INFLUENZA Disease and Influenza Disease Medical and Nursing Management

Disease Nurse Influenza Nursing Diagnosis HAAD NCLEX DHA

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks  respiratory system —  nasal cavity , throat and lungs. Influenza, commonly called the flu.For most people, influenza resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly...
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Encephalitis Disease and Encephalitis Disease management

Encephalitis Mental Health Nurse HAAD NCLEX Nursing Diagnosis

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain tissues it self. and is usually caused by virus, can also be caused by  bacteria or fungi.Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the most common cause of acute encephalitis.

Etiology...
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Head injury Types of Head Injury and Sign and Symptoms of Head Injury and Nursing and Medical Management Of Head Injury

Head Injury Nursing Diagnosis Of Head Injury Nursing Interventions of Head Injury NCLEX HAAD

Head injury include any trauma to the scalp, skull, or brain tissue either singly or collectively. The term head trauma is used primarily to signify crainocerebral trauma, which include alteration in consciousness, no matter how brief. Death from ...
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Myasthenia gravis sign and symptoms Nursing and Medical Management

MG Nursing Diagnosis of Myasthenia Gravis Nursing Interventions Of Mysthenia Gravis Nurse HAAD NCLEX

Is an acquired autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular junction causing skeletal muscle fatigability and weakness.Incidence occur in women in their twenties and thirties.  In men their fifties and sixties.

endocytosis A p...
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Guillain–Barré syndrome GBS Sign and Symptoms and Medical Management

GBS Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Interventions Diseases Fundamental Of Nursing NCLEX HAAD

Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system. Many experience changes in sensation or develop pain, followed by muscle weakness beginning in the feet and hands...
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GLAUCOMA,Sign and Symptoms of Glaucoma,Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions of Glaucoma and Medical Management of Glaucoma

Nursing diagnoses of Glaucoma Glaucoma Nurse NCLEX HAAD

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that develop due to elevated intra-ocular pressure (IOP) within the eye. The increased pressure affects the optic nerve and may cause vision loss.

Glaucoma describes a number of ocular conditions chara...
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EYE DISORDERS Cataracts sign and Symptoms and medical Management

Nurse Nursing Diagnosis of Cataract NCLEX HAAD Eye Disorders

A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the Iris and the pupil that causes loss of vision.

  “OR”

Opacity in lens of eye

Reduced visual acuity .

Types: >>>Continue Reading...

EPILEPSY,Types Of Epiepsy,Causes Of Epilepsy and Management of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Nursing Diagnosis of Epilepsy Nursing Interventions of Epilepsy NCLEX Mental Health Nursing

It is a group of chronic CNS disorders characterized by recurrent, periodic and unpredictable seizures.Seizures are sudden and uncontrolled episodes of brain dysfunction resulting from abnormal discharge of neuronal cells with associated motor, se...
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Nursing diagnosis and Interventions of Diabetes Mellitis

DM Nursing Diagnosis of Diabetes Nurse NCLEX HAAD

Nursing Diag.nosis are important to know the exact problems and plan for that problem to give relief to the patient

1. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements related to reduction of carbohydrate metabolism due to insulin defici...
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Diabetes Mellitus Signs and Symptoms,types,Management and Diagnosis

Nurse Nursing Disease Diabetes NCLEX HAAD DHA

Diabetes Mellitus (sugar diabetes) is a disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.The disease was given its name because of the glucose excretion in the urine.•The disease can be classified into several types, dependin...
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Cranial Nerves

Cranial Nerves Psychiatric Nurse Nurse FON NCLEX HAAD DHA NerveNursing

The 12 pairs of cranial nerves arises from brain. Each cranial nerve is designated by both a number (roman numeral, from I to XII) and a name. the numbers indicate the order, from anterior to posterior, in which the nerves arise from the brain. Th...
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HUMAN BRAIN,Fore Brain,Mid Brain,Hind Brain

Brain FON Nurse Nursing Psychiatric Nurse NCLEX HAAD

Human brain is the most wonderful creation of nature.It coordinates the action, so that they happen at the right sequence, time and place.The average adult brain weighs about 1600 g in men and 1400 g in women.The brain is protected by three differ...
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COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Sign and Symptoms, Medical Management and Diagnosis

COPD Nursing Nurse NCLEX Preparation HAAD Mcqs Nursing Diagnosis

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of disease characterized by feature of chronic obstruction to air flow in the lung and includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

What is chronic bronchitis

Chro...
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CARTILAGE,Types of Cartilage,Structure of Cartilage and Functions of Cartilage

CARTILAGE Nurse NCLEX HAAD DHA Fundamental of Nursing

Firm, flexible connective tissue found in various forms in the larynx and respiratory tractCartilage is an important structural component of the body. It is a firm tissue but is softer and much more flexible than bone.Cartilage is made up of speci...
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Burn,Types of Burns,Degree of Burns,Treatment of Burn,Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions of Burn

Burn Rule of Nine NCL EX HAAD DHA Nurse Nursing Diagnosis Diseases

A burn is damage to our body's tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or radiation.

Etiology of Burn Patient:

Fire (from the stove, fireplace etc.).

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Bone tumor

Bone Tumor Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Intervention NCLEX HAAD

A bone tumor is a neoplastic growth of tissue in bone. Abnormal growths found in the bone can be either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Classification of bone tumor:

Bone tumors...
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Atherosclerosis Disease Nursing Diagnosis and Management

Atherosclerosis Diseases Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Interventions

Hardening of the arteries, also called atherosclerosis, is a common disorder. It occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries and form hard structures called plaques.Over time, these plaques can block the ar...
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Asthma Disease Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions

Asthma Disease Nurse Nursing Diagnosis

Asthma is an inflammatory disease characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the air ways and periods of bronchospasm, resulting in intermittent airways obstruction.The onset of asthma is sudden, contrary to the slow, insidious, progression of sympt...
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Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions of Cardiac Diseases

Nursing Diagnosis Interventions Cardiac Diseases Nurse

Decreased cardiac output related to left ventricular dysfunction and dysrhythmias.

oAdminister oxygen.

oEncourage rest & elevate head of bed. 

oAuscultate heart & breath sounds regularly. 

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Aldosteronism Nursing Diagnosis and Management

Aldosteronism Disease Nursing Diagnosis Nursing Management

It results from excessive secretion of aldosterone.It affects renal tubules and causes sodium retention with potassium and hydrogen ion excretion.Usually Hypernatremia, hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis occur.Sodium retention increases blood vol...
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